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Energy Harvesting Technology

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Energy Harvesting Technology2020-02-24T14:52:29+00:00

Self-sufficient RF transmission of switch signals without battery and wires.

An energy harvesting switch which reacts to its environment without a need for energy. This solution developed by ZF is based on the principle of Energy Harvesting and does not require any wires. Energy Harvesting can be described as an ‘operation without any auxiliary energy’. Instead of generating auxiliary energy through an integrated energy source or adding it via an external energy supply, energy that is available in the surrounding environment or that is acting on the system is converted. Therefore an Energy Harvester generally speaking is an energy converter.

The wireless RF switch system from ZF based on an energy harvester transforms the mechanical input energy of the actuation into electrical energy, which then transmits, for example, a switching signal to a wireless receiver via RF electronics. The advantages of the system are that the switch can be placed anywhere without the need for any wires. Over its whole life cycle it will fulfill its function completely maintenance free and without any need to replace a battery. The RF switch is fed with different input parameters and is capable of reacting to its environment.

Energy Harvester RF Switch System

Structurewise, the overall system with its four main parameters can be divided into two main systems. The supply voltage as well as the load RF-electronics, which itself can be grouped into five sub-systems.

Overall system batteryless RF switch

Through suitable deflections the operating mechanism is transferring the actuation of the switch into the required force, path and direction of the energy converter.

The inductive energy converter consists of an electromagnetic generator which changes the magnetic flux in the coils by a sudden movement of a magnet thus creating an electric impulse through the actuation of the wireless switch module.

RF Mechanical Actuation

The electrical energy is then temporarily stored by the energy management unit and then converted, as low-loss as possible, into a predefined supply voltage by a voltage converter unit. This supply voltage powers the RF electronics of the consumer device which sends the radio protocol with all user data via the antenna system to a receiver.

The energy havesting wireless RF switch system from ZF can be operated with the frequencies 868 MHz, 915 MHz and 2,4 GHz. For the transmission of the switching information a proprietary and customer-specific protocol can be used but also RF-standards such as KNX-RF, ZigBee or Bluetooth Low Energy.

EHS Technology

Gateway connection

  • Usually only simple commands can be transmitted
  • Only very simple pairing concepts can be realized
  • Central system configuration hardly possible
  • Gateway costs money
  • For new systems only the gateway needs to be adjusted

Full integration

  • All specified commands can be transmitted
  • Also sophisticated pairing concepts can be realized
  • Solutions for a central system configuration can be used completely
  • All components have to speak the language of the overall system

System advantages

  • Reduction of connection systems
  • Flexibility for inaccessible locations
  • No complex wire assembly
  • Maintenance-free – no batteries need to be changed
  • Network-compatible
  • High energy efficiency
  • Long mechanical life
  • Flexible “Pairing” allows the operation of several receivers with one switch (and vice versa)
  • Unique ID excludes a mutual interference between different RF-switches